Oestradiol uptake and turnover was examined in rabbit uterus maintained in organ culture for up to 3 days. Serum decreased the uptake of [3H]oestradiol, whereas insulin had no significant effect. During the first 24h of culture unoccupied high-affinity receptors for oestradiol were markedly depleted in the cytosol. Nuclear binding sites remained high during the first day of culture, and were still present after 3 days. The stability of nuclear-bound oestradiol was confirmed by examining the turnover of radioactivity during culture of uteri of rabbits injected with [3H]oestradiol 6h before death. Over half of the radioactivity was retained for as long as 3 days in tissue cultured in the absence of oestrogen. In tissue cultured for 24h with unlabelled oestrogen, there was a progressive increase in the displacement of [3H]oestradiol as the concentration of unlabelled hormone in the medium was increased from 0.1 to 5nm. Higher concentrations of oestradiol had little additional effect. The oestradiol involved in this displacement reaction was associated with macromolecules, characterized by Sephadex G-25 chromatography and sucrose-density-gradient ultracentrifugation of the 0.4m-KCl extract of the nuclear pellet.
- © 1974 The Biochemical Society