1. Liver slices from rats treated with thyroxine show an increased rate of O2 consumption. The extra consumption, but not the basal respiration, can be abolished by ouabain. 2. Dinitrophenol is not effective in increasing the rate of O2 consumption of liver slices from thyroxine-treated animals but its effectiveness can be recovered in the presence of ouabain. 3. (Na++K+)-stimulated adenosine triphosphatase activity of liver was increased by administration of thyroxine in vivo. No changes were found in total Mg2+-stimulated adenosine triphosphatase activity. 4. Mitochondrial α-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase and microsomal NADPH oxidase activity were increased by both thyroxine and chronic ethanol treatment. 5. Liver slices from animals chronically treated with ethanol synthesize urea at an increased rate. 6. Mitochondrial size (section area) is markedly increased in the liver of animals chronically treated with ethanol. 7. Acute administration of ethanol in doses of 4 and 6g/kg significantly increases the uptake of 131I-labelled thyroxine by the liver. 8. Work reported here, along with results from other investigators, indicates marked similarities between the effects produced in the liver by chronic administration of ethanol and by thyroid hormones.
- © 1973 London: The Biochemical Society