1. The changes in the metabolite content in the isolated perfused rat liver and in the perfusion medium were measured after loading the liver with glycerol or dihydroxyacetone. 2. Glycerol was rapidly taken up by livers from fed and starved rats; glucose, lactate and pyruvate were discharged into the medium. The [lactate]/[pyruvate] ratio in the medium rose from 10 to 30 and in the tissue from 9.6 to 36.6. 3. The most striking effects of glycerol loading were: (i) the accumulation in the liver of α-glycerophosphate, which increased from 0.13 to 8.45μmol/g at 40min; (ii) the decrease in the concentration of adenine nucleotides to 70% of the control value at 40min. 4. The Pi content of the tissue also fell, from 4.25 to 2.31μmol/g at 10min, but the sum of the phosphates measured rose from the normal value of 13.8 to 18.8μmol/g at 40min, because of an uptake of Pi from the medium. 5. Omission of phosphate from the standard perfusion medium increased the depletion of adenine nucleotides on glycerol loading. 6. Dihydroxyacetone was more rapidly metabolized than glycerol. Again glucose, lactate and pyruvate were the main products. The [lactate]/[pyruvate] ratio remained below 10. 7. Dihydroxyacetone caused an increase of the fructose 1-phosphate content from 0.23 to 0.39μmol/g at 10min. The adenine nucleotide content of the tissue was not significantly decreased by dihydroxyacetone loading. 8. The rate of removal of both glycerol and dihydroxyacetone was about 60% greater in the livers from fed than in those from starved animals. 9. The results extend previous findings by Burch et al. (1970), who administered glycerol and dihydroxyacetone intraperitoneally.
- © 1973 London: The Biochemical Society