The use of computer-based isotach plots, relating reaction velocity to simultaneous variation of two substrates or effectors of an enzyme, in producing estimates of the parameters of enzyme rate equations was investigated. The computer program (‘SYMAP’) incorporates an interpolation algorithm, and the superiority of this over visual estimation in producing interpolated velocity values for the estimation of parameter values by conventional double-reciprocal plots is described. The usefulness of the SYMAP program in monitoring the process of fitting data obtained by simultaneous changes in two experimental variables is also described. It is shown that if the residual errors are weighted by a procedure described elsewhere (Ottaway, 1971b, 1973), the percentage error of the computed velocity is distributed evenly over a plot which contains a 100-fold variation in the concentration of one substrate and a 500-fold variation in the concentration of Mg2+, and in which the velocity of the reaction (that catalysed by NAD kinase) varies over a 60-fold range. The two-dimensional percentage error plot was used to assess the limits within which an incomplete inhibition equation is valid, and to detect a discrepancy in an expected good fit, caused by an impurity in one of the substrates.
- © 1972 London: The Biochemical Society