(1) Polysaccharides were isolated from bovine liver capsule by extraction with 2m-potassium chloride followed by precipitation from 0.8m-potassium chloride with cetylpyridinium chloride. Chondroitin sulphate was eliminated by digestion with hyaluronidase. The yield of heparin was approx. 40% of that obtained after extraction of the papain-digested tissue. (2) The macromolecular properties of the hyaluronidase-digested polysaccharide were studied by gel chromatography on Sephadex G-200 of the intact, as well as of the alkali-degraded, material. The results suggested the presence of single heparin chains in addition to a dermatan sulphate proteoglycan. (3) A purified heparin preparation was analysed for amino acids and neutral sugars. Xylose, galactose and serine were found in amounts corresponding to 0.1, 0.2, and 0.4 residue/polysaccharide chain (mol.wt. 7400), respectively. It is suggested that the isolated material had been degraded by a polysaccharidase with endo-enzyme properties.
- © 1970 The Biochemical Society