1. Although the total weight of leg muscle increased with the age of a normal mouse the DNA and RNA content per leg did not change significantly. 2. The weight of leg muscle from a dystrophic mouse was only about 45% of that from a normal mouse but the DNA and RNA contents were the same and hence similar DNA/RNA ratios were obtained. 3. The total ribosome contents of normal and dystrophic mice were the same on a whole-leg basis, and for both the free ribosomes were about 60% of the total. However, comparison with similar data from liver suggested that some loss of ribosomes occurred during the isolation procedure. 4. The polyribosome patterns obtained by density-gradient centrifugation were the same for normal and dystrophic muscle, and comparable polyribosome fractions of different sizes obtained from such gradients had similar capacities for the incorporation of radioactive amino acids in a standard protein-synthesizing system. 5. By using a standard protein-synthesizing system with normal polyribosomes similar extents of incorporation were found with normal- or dystrophic-muscle pH5 fraction or partially purified transfer RNA preparation. 6. It is concluded that there is no absolute difference between the protein-synthesizing systems of normal and dystrophic mouse muscle and that the observed apparent differences result from concentration differences caused by changes in muscle volume. 7. A possible cause of the failure of dystrophic muscle to resynthesize myofibrils is also suggested.
- © 1969 The Biochemical Society