1. Cells present in normal human urine contain 5–10% of the total lactate dehydrogenase excreted. The enzyme released from these cells by ultrasonication contained a distribution of isoenzymes similar to that found in the bulk of the urine and it is suggested that these cells are the main source of urinary lactate dehydrogenase. 2. Cells were thoroughly washed before examination so it is unlikely that the enzyme found in urinary sediment was simply adsorbed. In addition, full recoveries of added lactate dehydrogenase isoenzymes LDH1 and LDH5 showed that adsorption did not occur. 3. Most of the cells in normal urine are of the non-squamous epithelial type and their excretion is greatly increased after the ingestion by the subject of 3g. of aspirin. The possible origin of these non-squamous cells from the kidney is discussed. 4. Starch-block electrophoresis and relative activity measurements of lactate dehydrogenase excreted after the subject had taken aspirin show that the enzymes present in urine and cells are very similar, confirming the conclusion reached above (point 1). They have slightly more M subunits than the normal, shown particularly as an increase in isoenzyme LDH2. The isoenzyme pattern is like that of the kidney medulla and the possible reasons for this are discussed in terms of the concentration of salicylic acid in various parts of the kidney. 5. The results confirm the previous suggestion that the kidney is the main source of urinary lactate dehydrogenase.
- © 1969 The Biochemical Society